A climate justice user’s guide to the Manchin energy infrastructure bill

$12.6 billion: The amount of money for carbon capture

  • Large Scale Carbon Storage and Commercialization Program: A major new grant program to subsidize “expanded commercial large-scale carbon sequestration projects and associated carbon dioxide transport infrastructure, including funding for the feasibility, site characterization, permitting, and construction stages of project development.”
  • Authorization: $2.5 billion over 5 yrs (FY22–26)
  • Carbon Removal Program: funding to create four regional direct air capture hubs. The projects are to be located in a region with existing carbon intensive fuel production or industrial capacity, or such capacity that has retired or closed in the preceding 10 years. At least two of the hubs are to be built in economically distressed regions with high coal or shale gas resources.
  • Authorization: $3.5 billion over 5 yrs (FY22–26)
  • Carbon Capture Large-Scale Pilot Projects, originally authorized under the Energy Policy Act of ’05, were specifically designed to prolong the use of coal as a feedstock for electricity.
  • Authorization: $937 million over 5 yrs (FY21–25)

$6 billion: The size of the nuclear bailout

$7 billion: The amount of funding that could be hijacked for dirty hydrogen

  • Regional Clean Hydrogen Hubs, two of which must be located in economically distressed communities in the regions of the United States with the greatest natural gas resources.
  • Authorization: $8 billion over five years (FY22–26)
  • The Clean Hydrogen Electrolysis Program would fund research, development, demonstration, commercialization and deployment of hydrogen produced through electrolysis. The eligibility of the high-temperature electrolyzers indicates that fossil or biomass combustion or nuclear energy could be used to provide thermal energy to help produce hydrogen.
  • Authorization:$1 billion over five years (FY22–26)

$1.9 billion: The size of the giveaway to logging interests

  • The Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Program has become heavily dominated by logging interests and U.S. Forest Service personnel, and has become little more than a vehicle for destructive commercial logging.
  • Authorization: $100 million over five years (FY22–26)
  • Mechanical thinning and timber harvesting subsidizes logging on public lands. The Forest Service defines “small” diameter trees so broadly that industrial logging activities could and would qualify. Moreover, the “to the extent practicable” phrase means that the small-diameter language can simply be ignored by the Forest Service. The broad discretion to define “small” and “ecologically appropriate” will result in logging that undermines the resiliency of our forests and results in wildfires burning more intensely.
  • Authorization: $500 million
  • Wildfire and forestry management is often used as a justification for logging, funding post-fire logging on federal public lands with taxpayer money under the guise of “restoration.” In absence of environmental standards, industrial logging and clearcutting could be spun as creating “fuelbreaks” or “removing flammable vegetation.”
  • Authorization: $500 million for fuelbreaks over five years (FY22–26)
  • Authorization: $200 million for removing vegetation to create biochar over five years (FY22–26)
  • Authorization: $200 million for postfire logging over five years (FY22–26)
  • ‘Byproducts of restoration projects’ is a guise for subsidizing forest biomass and wood pellets produced from private and public lands. The lack of environmental standards means that the biomass and wood pellet industries would merely need to use the phrase “ecosystem restoration” to promote their logging and clearcutting in order to receive the subsidies — regardless of the truth.
  • Authorization: $400 million over five years (FY22–26)

20 percent: The Manchin cut to the AML coal fee

$0: The size of the increase in bonding requirements for oil and gas wells on public lands

Conclusion

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Friends of the Earth U.S. defends the environment and champions a healthy and just world. www.foe.org

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